An increasing number of psychologists and philosophers believe that to understand how the mind really works, we must understand it as both embedded in a body and as situated in an environment.
Octopuses live in a world of paradox. Though colorblind, they change their pigment to match their surrounding area. Though brilliant, they average a lifespan of only 2 to 4 years.
Other Minds: The Octopus, The Sea, and The Deep Origins of Consciousness, by philosopher of science Peter Godfrey-Smith, attempts to resolve these paradoxes in the complex lives of octopuses. In a review of the book by Alva Noë, Noë remarks at Godfrey-Smith's findings from his descent into the deep.
Read the review here: