Sunday, April 30, 2017
First Aired: 
Sunday, September 21, 2014

What is it

Niccolò Machiavelli is best known for arguing that people in power should use deception, force, and manipulation if those tactics are necessary to achieve their ends. In an age of unscrupulous politics and ruthless business practice, shouldn't we be encouraging a move away from Machiavellian thinking? Then again, are we even sure that those "Machiavellian" views were really Machiavelli's? If not, what did he really think, and what might we learn from him? John and Ken plot and scheme with Maurizio Viroli from Princeton University, author of Redeeming the Prince: The Meaning of Machiavelli's Masterpiece.

Listening Notes

John opens by referring to Machiavelli as a pragmatic visionary and champion of Republican liberty, but Ken sees Machiavelli's work, The Prince, as a manual for callousness for political ends. John regards this worry as partly a product of myth. After all, the saying that “the ends justify the means” never appears in Machiavelli’s work. Moreover, this idea of political strategy at the price of morals traces back to other thinkers like Plato. John argues that we need cunning and pragmatic leaders, even if that requires lying. But Ken argues that some sort of limit on cunning leaders' power must be imposed. 

John and Ken are joined by Maurizio Viroli, author of Redeeming the Prince: The Meaning of Machiavelli’s Masterpiece. Maurizio argues that politicians should study Machiavelli because of his arguments against power, tyranny, and corruption, and to seek glory instead. Maurizio argues that the book concerns political redemption, written as a manual for rulers to reclaim their politics from foreign invaders. John asks Maurizio whether Machiavelli would have liked Mussolini, and Maurizio argues that Machiavelli would have detested Mussolini for one simple reason: Mussolini was a tyrant who was most interested in himself. Overall, Machiavelli never wrote highly of tyrants contemporary to his time or before. Instead, Maurizio references FDR and Abraham Lincoln as the kinds of leaders that Machiavelli would have supported, especially the latter for lying and providing misinformation to achieve a nobler goal. Furthermore, according to Maurizio, Machiavelli ought not to be considered a philosopher in the sense of how we usually understand the term; rather, Machiavelli was a political writer, playwright, and historian. 

  • Roving Philosophical Reporter (Seek to 5:44): Natalie Jones takes a look at self-styled Machiavellians, especially Tupac Shakur, who rapped under the moniker "Makaveli" and who studied Machiavelli during his life.

  • 60 Second Philosopher (Seek to 44:30): Ian Shoales looks at Machiavelli’s misfortunes in how The Prince was likely not read by the people that he gave it to, was not published until after his death, and how his views have been distorted over time.

Get Philosophy Talk


Sunday at 11am (Pacific) on KALW 91.7 FM, San Francisco, and rebroadcast on many other stations nationwide


Sunday at 1pm and 11pm ET on the SiriusXM Insight Channel


Individual downloads via CDBaby and iTunes




Maurizio Viroli, Professor Emeritus of Politics, Princeton University


Research By

Tyler Haddow

Upcoming Shows

18 November 2018

The Science of Happiness

Positive psychology is an emerging science that investigates the qualities, attitudes, and practices that enable people to thrive and be happy. So ...

25 November 2018

The Creative Life

Parents and students alike often think that a college major defines possible career options. Yet what distinguishes today's work world from bygone...

02 December 2018

Foucault and Power

Michel Foucault was a 20th century philosopher known for his work concerning power and knowledge. Foucault is often cited for his theory of knowledge...