The Nature of Wilderness
Wednesday, April 1, 2015 -- 5:00 PM
John Perry

The 1964 Wilderness Act defines wilderness as an area where “the earth and its community of life are untrammeled by man,” which “retains its primeval character and influence, without permanent improvement or human habitation.”   I like that definition.  I especially like the phrase “untrammeled by man.”  It’s poetic and inspiring -- just like the wilderness itself.  But it’s not entirely accurate.  Take the Desolation Wilderness, near lake Tahoe -- a place I love to visit.  It’s not exactly untrammeled.  It’s got some trails, some signs.  Until the year 2000, the US Forest Service even dropped trout from airplanes to stock lakes there.  In fact,it takes a lot of human effort to maintain this pristine, untrammeled wilderness.  That sounds a little paradoxical.   

 That’s because the concept of wilderness is confused.  It’s not a natural concept.  It’s a human invention, a social construction.  And it’s built on myths.  It confuses our thinking when it comes to important issues like conservation and biodiversity.  Though the wilderness itself ought to be preserved, perhaps the concept of wilderness should be jettisoned.  

 Taken literally, the concept doesn’t seem to apply to anything at all.  There’s no place left on earth that’s entirely untouched by the hand of man -- not even Antarctica, or the depths of the Pacific.  

 Still, even thought the concept of wilderness is a bit of a myth, not all myths are bad.  Myths sometimes encapsulate our deepest aspirations.  In American Folklore, for example, the idea of wilderness is associated with the idea of a boundless frontier --- a place that beckoned Americans to go and make themselves anew.  A myth, perhaps, but still a useful myth.  And partly to recapture the spirit of the mythical lost frontier, we’ve formed national parks, forests and wilderness areas.  And we think of them as places of renewal and re-creation.  That seems like a very good thing to me. 

 On the other hand,  our concept of wilderness may distort our own relationship to nature.  It assumes a dualism of man and nature, as if humans are outside of nature.  In reality, for better of worse, humans are a part of nature.

 Perhaps, if we are parts of nature, we should think of ourselves as  an aggressive, non-native species that impacts every conceivable ecosystem on the earth -- mostly in a destructive way.  If we really want to protect the rest of nature from us, we need to do a little pest control.  And what we call wilderness is a place where the invasive human pest has been driven out.   

 This sort of squeezes the romance out of the concept of wilderness.  We want a concept of wilderness that's beautiful and inspiring.   But if we're going to get serious about “preserving” wilderness, we need a more serious and sober understanding of what wilderness really is.   

So there's lots to talk about here.  Can there be a descriptive concept of wilderness that actually applies to some stretches of the Earth and not to others?  Can we have a concept of wilderness that doesn’t buy into a distorting dualism about the place of humans in nature?  What’s the right way to think of humankind’s relationship to the rest of nature?  Are we the pests?  Or are we wise stewards?

Comments (29)


Guest's picture

Guest

Friday, August 24, 2012 -- 5:00 PM

The current topic is closely

The current topic is closely related to the previous one because no matter how we define "wilderness," climate change is going to affect its flora and fauna. For example, in the Arctic regions there is the new appearance of hybrid grizzly-polar bears. Unfortunately, these hybrids are more aggressive than are either grizzly bears or polar bears (both of which are plenty aggressive). Large animals such as elephants and tigers will need their own wilderness preserves while humans will want a pseudo-wilderness with campsites, trails and other amenities that nevertheless allow them to commune with nature in a safe setting.
Climate change is the big problem for genuine wilderness and its inhabitants. Some will be able to adapt but for others the only hope of survival is to migrate. Effecting such large migrations is problematic enough in itself but if corridors between wilderness areas are shut off by human habitation, migration may become impossible. Do humans have any moral responsibility to do anything in this regard and, if so, what is to be done? It could be a long and complicated discussion that may end poorly for a number of species.

Guest's picture

Guest

Sunday, August 26, 2012 -- 5:00 PM

Whilst we manage or control,

Whilst we manage or control, poison or destroy our waterways, our lands, our oceans and forests, and even the air we breath, and as we manage the killing of all the other plants and animals that live here, we manage only to harm or kill ourselves.
The only things in real need of management on this planet Earth, our home, is the nature of ourselves.
Our own self-control is all Nature or we really needs.
Be One,
=

Guest's picture

Guest

Monday, September 3, 2012 -- 5:00 PM

I enjoy reading science and

I enjoy reading science and philosophy. I also enjoy hunting and killing my own food---venison, wild turkey, and such like. IMHO, this activity is a part of the stewardship you have mentioned. To paraphrase the late Dr, Stephen Jay Gould: evolution is not interested in humankind, nor the betterment of its' condition. What we do with wilderness, good or bad; yea or nay, is the ultimate burden of homo sapiens. Neither you nor I will be around when the final act is played out---so it does not much matter how we think or what we do in the mean time.
I believe in leaving something for our children's children's children. There are possibly ample movements to assure that eventuality. As MJA might say: wilderness IS. Well, sure. The area behind and including my childhood home is now national forest---including the indian burial mounds my brother and I discovered sixty years ago. Sometimes it takes a long time for adults to grasp what children already knew. Well, it is not fashionable or flattering, is it?
Uh, no.

Guest's picture

Guest

Tuesday, September 4, 2012 -- 5:00 PM

You kill birds and deer and

You kill birds and deer and it doesn't matter?
With thoughts like yours I sometimes believe mankind has no hope.
I'll keep trying,
Be one,
=

Guest's picture

Guest

Wednesday, September 5, 2012 -- 5:00 PM

We might suppose that mankind

We might suppose that mankind has never had any hope. He/we/they has/have been killing "birds and deer" for several thousands of years. Lots of other flesh-bearing creatures, land and seaward, as well. Vegetarianism was not an early option---until agrarian methods were discovered. Homo Sapiens has been omnivorous for centuries---a fact that seems to find plant and grain-eaters clueless. Those who would disparage meat-eating ought to do their homework before casting stones. I cannot imagine a shark eating oatmeal, but, similarly, I would not envision oceans without sharks. Can you? We have choices our ancestors did not have. Progress, I guess. Some may not think so...get a grip, this is century twenty-one. I like oatmeal. But, I do not eat it everyday.
Warmest, The Doctor.

Guest's picture

Guest

Thursday, September 6, 2012 -- 5:00 PM

All commenters, thus far,

All commenters, thus far, have made valid remarks within the contexts of their personal paradigms (i.e., worldviews). I particularly enjoyed and support the notions of Avro and Dr. S, but acknowledge the others as well. As one commenter said: wilderness IS. And, if it ceases to be, so shall we---methinks. To drill the message home (for those who lose sight of the forest because of the trees): plants manufacture oxygen: no more plants; no more animals---no more homo sapiens. Bacteria have always owned the earth---always will. Many of them can (and do) survive without O2. But, long term, there is that problem of suffocation for us air-breathers.
What to do; what to do...
There might be other planets...with water-and oxygen (if they have plants that generate such...) We MIGHT be able to get there-somehow; and re-seed a human colony. IF...
It is all rather conditional, isn't it? As Wilber has said, nearly ad nauseum: and just so. So, perhaps we ought to pursue better stewardship of our fragile, blue planet? Rather than pursuing extinction, hell-bent-for-leather? Yes, Michael---I have listened to you, too. And Jack Kornfield; James Redfield---even S.J. Gould and Richard Dawkins. There is only one way out of here, but, we may find Time Enough for Love*, hmmmmm?
(*Robert A. Heinlein---several many years ago...)

Guest's picture

Guest

Friday, September 7, 2012 -- 5:00 PM

This blog has taken a curious

This blog has taken a curious turn: Can you rightly call yourself a philosopher if you eat meat, other than perhaps road-kill? The Pythagoreans, to whom we owe the word "philosophy" were vegetarians (but that was because Pythagoras believed in reincarnation). On whether they stayed vegetarian after they gave up that belief, I have no information. It is said that our "wisdom teeth" are vestiges of a time when our ancestors were herbivores. I hunted small game in my younger days but have a family member who is a vegetarian. I really don't see much difference between killing your own meat or having the meat processing plant do it for you. And how is this morally superior to the wilderness "red in tooth and claw?"

Harold G. Neuman's picture

Harold G. Neuman

Friday, September 7, 2012 -- 5:00 PM

Suppose we transpose the

Suppose we transpose the title of this post, so that it becomes: the wilderness of nature. Now, we may be getting somewhere beyond analysis, and towards a separate reality that existed---before there was a need to analyze it. Are you with me, so far? Wilderness and nature are (or were) interchangeable words for the same reality.We did not need to go into major discussions and/or arguments about these words, because, well, there was no need to do so. But, we are scientists---and philosophers, and ever since Darwin and Kauffman, among others, complexity has reared its seductive head, encouraging us to delve more deeply into the NATURE of things. I hope Mirugai is watching. Because we seem to have some affinity for recognizing things as they are.
Not always, nor in all ways. But,...sometimes.
Regards, HGN.

Guest's picture

Guest

Sunday, September 9, 2012 -- 5:00 PM

"What to do, what to do?",

"What to do, what to do?", indeed. Are meat-eaters, by association, outside of philosophy? And, if so---why? I am at a loss here. Would someone please tell me WHY one cannot be a philosopher if he/she eats a steak;
chop; or crustacean now and then? Does one need to be a buddhist to be a philosopher? (No capital "b", because the buddha was not God---as far as I know, anyway)
No, it is not so simple as what we eat. It is how we think, act and engage. Beginning of story...

Guest's picture

Guest

Tuesday, September 11, 2012 -- 5:00 PM

Fall is here. Deer season is

Fall is here. Deer season is not far away. I have not hunted in a couple of years---for reasons I'll not elaborate. For MJA, and any others who may have misguided opinions about hunters, there are several kinds of us. Some of us hunt for the privilege of testing our human deficiencies against the superior survival skills of our prey, with the ultimate goal of cooking something tasty---not harvested from Kroger or Giant Eagle. These are more interested in the food than the antlers-you just can't eat antlers anyway. Other hunters are more into bagging animals, old enough to have grand-children. These are commonly characterized as "sport" hunters, and are actively courted by commercial out-doors retailers---because, well, they spend lots of money pursuing their dreams of giant glory. Dear me, I do like deer meat. Younger is better. Ain't that America? Yes. It is. Oatmeal IS for breakfast. Venison: It's what's for dinner. Whenever you can...
TAP.

Guest's picture

Guest

Wednesday, September 12, 2012 -- 5:00 PM

Blood Sports

Blood Sports
You test your human deficiency survival skills against a harmless deer using a 30-06 rifle and a Redfield scope?
Or do you hide in a tree on a tree stand with camouflage clothing and buck scent and a compound bow?
How long does it take for a deer to die with an arrow in him, or doesn't it matter to you either?
And sport killing is good for the antlers and the economy?
Misguided?
We have such a very long Way to go don't we,
=
And if your going to eat a steak why not call it what it really is, a cow.
Bye and bye:
A philosopher is a lover of truth,
And truth is the Oneness of All.
With love,
Be One,
=

Guest's picture

Guest

Monday, September 17, 2012 -- 5:00 PM

Yawn. Most all "sports" are

Yawn. Most all "sports" are blood sports. Anyone who has not noticed this has not been paying attention. There are black bears in Ohio, now. Coyotes have been here for years and they have not helped matters much (they destroy wild turkey nests, whereas, turkey hunters are only permitted to hunt and kill male turkeys.) Environmental advocates who do not know what they are talking about should shut up. Or go back to school and get the facts---instead of pontificating on things that they know nothing about. Redfield scopes and 30.06s do not apply in my state---and even if they did, that would not matter either. So, IF I hunt deer this fall (there are 750,000 or so of them out there---many more than are sustainable on this tract of land)---I'll do it within applicable game laws. And I won't worry about what others may think about me or my motive. Tanstaffl: there is no free lunch. And Kroger/Giant Eagle costs so much more, for so much less...
Oh, and just in case you live longer than I do (probably), and choose to pay attention, black bears (now protected in Ohio), may become a nuisance or a threat. If so, hunting them might require bigger artillery than that currently permitted. 30.06 rifles might do the job. But, at close range, in brush, I'd go for 35 Whelen, or better. Actually, Magnum Research's BFR* pistol in .444 Marlin or bigger would be adequate, I think. No scope.
Six shots. Up close and personal. Just you; the bear; and the revolver. I'll take the revolver over a hunting knife. Better odds. Yep.
Or, if you are so averse to killing nature---stay out of the woods. But don't judge me or anyone else on matters you may only have read about.
Yawn.
(* Biggest FINEST Revolver, for anyone who might be asking)

Gary M Washburn's picture

Gary M Washburn

Thursday, April 2, 2015 -- 5:00 PM

Poachers and drunks, in my

Poachers and drunks, in my experience. Not the same, mind. Poachers are sober. I've been offered whiskey by a man with a gun at eight in the morning, on his way out, with little scent sponges on his feet. I practically live in the woods. See all the signs. And far too many carcasses of badly shot deer. I was once shown a strung and gutted 12 pointer at 8:30 AM of the fist day of hunting season. In a shed. Half an hour after sunrise.
It's a farce to call it sport. Do you really think our ancestors relied on a chance meeting in the forest for their survival? By the way, there are lots of coyote in my area and the turkey are a nuisance, they're so many. A few weeks ago I watched as one crossed a street in front of dozens of people and began browsing the fruit of an ornamental crab-apple. People were taking pictures from twenty feet away, and didn't fluster it. Truth to tell, in a confrontation between a coyote and a turkey, my money is on the turkey.
  But to explain something atavistic about the "sport", the ancient Celts of England were husbandmen. They had no need of wild game, which were left for the nobility. The Anglo-Saxons picked up the tradition, but it was the Normans that turned it into a fetish, a way of tweaking their power in the faces of the peasants. And with the Acts of Enclosure, this became a tremendous burden upon the poor, who turned to poaching in desperation (they were traditionally permitted all other uses of the land, they were not trespassing). The Norman Lords punished this brutally. And so, when North America was settled and the land was so vast rich and open, the early immigrants were intoxicated by the liberty this allowed. It was like tweaking back. But, again, it was not for survival. The guns available (until just before the Revolution--think Hawkeye, "La Lange Carrabine") were not much more effective than throwing stones. But the intoxication seems to have stayed with us. And now deer and (naturally bred) brook and rainbow trout are being unnaturally selected for smaller size, as the larger animals are taken. The meat is not so good that the risk of toxoplasmosis is worth it, and the expense certainly is not, unless, of course, you poach. But if there is any thrill involved, it's a cheap one.
Have you ever got lost in a forest? It's a very different place all of a sudden if you aint got a clue how to get out of it. Our minds impose these patterns on everything, compass and map directions, and easily found landmarks and easily followed roads and trails. But you don't really know a place until you read these guidelines as an intrusion upon it, and don't need them to find your way. Ultimately, I think, you don't really know a place until you are so much a part of it that no one else can know it either, unless recognized how much a part of you it is. I'm sure this is how animals see it, and that this is why it is so difficult to reintroduce once eradicated species. In any case, the idea of multiple use, hunting and logging on the same land as hiking camping and just natural conservation, is untenable.

Charles Osborne's picture

Charles Osborne

Friday, April 3, 2015 -- 5:00 PM

We are part of the natural

We are part of the natural world and we are created by it through the processes of nature (and/or Nature's God), so it is out of fashion to see ourselves as somehow unnatural--as the Victorians saw us, before Darwin. Their view that wild nature is altogether lovely and beautiful is also out of date as much as the faith that mankind always progresses and gets better.
There is a plausible theory that we will never find life forms far more advanced than ourselves, because when life advances to the intelligent level, it becomes too smart for its own good and perishes. In fact, more than once I think in the history of Earth there were creatures who spoiled everything for themselves. When the atmosphere was still thick with methane, there were microscopic organisms that like methane, but they produced oxygen in the process. They gave us our breathable air, eventually, but the oxygen was toxic to them and they perished (except in a few weird caves full of methane).
We were already getting too close to this when we were testing hydrogen fusion bombs in the period 1950's-1960's. But we are still smothering ourselves in poisonous gases, poisonous waters, insecticidal foods and inventions that kill people and/or wildlife.

mckemper84@gmail.com's picture

mckemper84@gmail.com

Saturday, April 4, 2015 -- 5:00 PM

I am surprised that

I am surprised that capitalism wasn't even mentioned as a deleterious influence on the natural world and  its eradication as a means towards achieving a more viable relationship between humans and the ecosystem.

MJA's picture

MJA

Sunday, April 5, 2015 -- 5:00 PM

Rather than getting lost in

Rather than getting lost in the woods I found myself in the woods and wrote this poem:
Meditation
Walk into a forest
Let your mind become a tree
When you are One
Meditation is achieved.
Oneness is
The single truth. 
=

N. Bogdanov's picture

N. Bogdanov

Sunday, April 5, 2015 -- 5:00 PM

It?s curious to me that so

It?s curious to me that so many of the previous comments have been around the topic of (sport) hunting. At first glance it looks as though we?ve been derailed from the original topic, but much of the preceding conversation about hunting is at least tangentially related to the nature of wilderness, at least in so far as it comments on and categorizes human-other interactions as natural or unnatural, appropriate or inappropriate, etc.
Anyhow? I just contributed this to the forum post on 2015?s summer reading, but I figure it?s worth a mention here as well. I just finished reading this book called A Pedagogy of Place and I?ve been thinking a lot about what it writes of our relationship to place, as outdoor enthusiasts and in particular as outdoor educators. In it, Brian Wattchow and Mike Brown make a strong case for the centrality of place to the experiences we have, arguing that we cannot treat the outdoors as merely a backdrop for our athletic, adrenergic, or pedagogic pursuits. They argue for what they call a place-responsive pedagogy, in which outdoor educators acknowledge the importance of place to student experiences and facilitate student connection with, and realization of, the space they inhabit while on outdoor education courses. In making their case, they mention two competing theories of place, one that treats space as an empty vessel upon which we can impose our own meanings, and one that conceives of space as having its own inherent meaning, one we somehow arrive at through our experience with it.
To me, the American notion of wilderness straddles this line. It is at once brimming with seemingly inherent meaning, as a fragile place worthy of conservation in and of itself, a place of unsurpassed beauty, but also as something that we have constructed and commercialized, primarily through the National Park and Monument system. Now, it is worth noting that I think the National Park and Monument system has many wonderful aspects and serves an important role in preserving our most valued outdoor spaces. However, in line with the former theory of space, I think that National Parks and Monuments also produce a largely packaged experience. The Grand Canyon is this. Come see this at Yosemite and you?ll really experience the park. And so on.
I agree with a lot of what John and Ken write in the opening lines of this post, about wilderness as a confused notion. How do we make it clear? Is there any way to do so? And should we even attempt to construct such a concept? Personally, I think there?s much to what Gary wrote above and I think that as a society we ought to move away from the concept of wilderness and towards the concept of humans as a part of nature and of nature as constituting an important part of the human experience.

Gary M Washburn's picture

Gary M Washburn

Monday, April 6, 2015 -- 5:00 PM

"And I can't feel at home in

"And I can't feel at home in this world anymore!" so goes the song echoing the doctrine that we are not of this earth. Two thousand years of doctrine have embedded the notion in our psyches that the earth is a corrupt and vicious background to a more ethereal aspiration. Fanatic expropriation and reconfiguration of the earth are only derivative issues. But the reasons why so many do feel such fanatic rights to exploit and possess the earth is an important issue to resolve if the effects of the more encompassing theme (our being too good for this life) on its current and future condition.
 
One matter that is of especially philosophical interest is the use of Malthusian calculations, extrapolating dangerous trends without imagining, or making any effort to incorporate, the possibility of efforts to mitigate them. My favorite example is the prognosis, made some decades ago, that at the rate farms were being consolidated there would come a time when all the food in the world would be produced by one farmer.
 
But are we stewards? The earth does not have to be beautiful to deserve its freedom to evolve as it would without us. But in order for this to happen the population of the world would probably need to be reduced to about 5% of what it is today. This is not impossible, and may even occur naturally with a bit of social, political, and economic justice. Populations are declining of their own where women are liberated from merely traditional roles and material welfare is secure. The issue I foresee is that no economic theories currently in place can manage such a reducing population base, though I suspect there is no reason we could not have such reduction without loss of standard of living or increase in non-renewable planetary consumption. But as it is, whether we take it upon ourselves to be stewards of the planet or not, its fate is in our hands.
 
But the most serious ideological impediment now is the doctrine of individuality. If the notion of an unworldly future life was invented to bring us to comply with doctrine, the notion of individuality was invented in the misguided idea that it would free us from that authority. But the result is to blind us to the pernicious cumulative effects of individual acts. Effects that can only be addressed collectively. This is not to say we do not act collectively, but that the doctrine of individuality is employed to obscure the pernicious collective effects of what can be made to seem individual choices. Racism is a prime example. But so is the assertion of radical property rights (which, by the way, are difficult to justify by a careful examination of the history of property law). Or of the 'manly arts' of hunting and fishing (the "Complete Angler" is the most sublime expression of cruelty). Or of the manic claim of an inalienable right to mine log or fish public lands or the open seas. These two, the rugged 'outdoorsman' who thinks taking wild animals is an expression of some primordial survival ritual (or even just good eats) and the corporate mogul reducing common property to private gain, can best be understood as a strange alliance between the Bacon rebels (or fortress homesteads) of 1676 and their enemies led by William Berkeley (see 1676, The END of American Independence, by Stephen Saunders Webb) which, deathly enemies in their time, have become a strangely united constituency.
 
But I suppose therein lies the key to the whole issue, the difference between an explicit conspiracy, and a vaguely associated constituency. How do we counter a collective effect that has no clear agent or proponent? The litterbug makes the environment a public issue precisely by presuming it is not. It doesn't really matter what sentimental attachment we have for the earth, what matters is our working together to counter the irresponsible misuse of it by individuals or loose associations that put themselves in a position to deny responsibility. But this is not a peculiar thing. Communities form naturally through a process that to all the world seems like individuation. Contrariety is not contradiction after all. It leaves room for community where the logic of it offends the form. But this is the fundamental principle of reason and reality most elusive to us today. Unfortunately, it is also a good place to hide from responsibility, and truth. But in doing so it ruins the meaning of place. It becomes a secret. And if there is anything that divides our not really being there from our presence where we are, it is that the place we are introduced to is no more hidden from us than we from it. If you have to hide your reasons for being there you're not there at all.

Jeshua's picture

Jeshua

Wednesday, April 8, 2015 -- 5:00 PM

        "Maybe there are also

        "Maybe there are also reasons of a more personal nature of all our normal aura of people thinking and how we think of our religion.? There is also the notion that the presence of an invisible moralistic philosophy that they will be in the same people to their spirituality and I think there are some very good reasons for that; them and others are particularly gifted in this area.
        The chances also are that one or two of the above gifts you do not have yet. This is a made religious belief which is created to keep people who believe that is actually thinking and acting in partnership with their Spirit in most of the time.
       What we now think of the prototypical storylines of religious thinking. That's how I see all the experiences as you've mentioned, natural person had done something that there's more to reality than they have confronted. It surpasses logic and is more than believe that there is something of our thoughts and wishes at this time.
       We are all something much more different then what is seen in our life more importantly, it's telling you about how the normal human comes to matters of personal belief and identity, reason we often forget in all our stress on rationality. Metaphysical thought processes in not dissimilar different of ways before it finally gets through to you? If there's a hair to be split, you can be sure that some philosophers in somewhere have those moments when we just miss for whatever reason, whether it is as something of a prototype for digital answer is ?because there is something in it for you?.
       Every time these comprehend that there actually are essentially because it's all of consciousness. Could it be that we are using too much of our productive time and epistemological devices play in our ability to be more fully human. It's about the child who never discovered his ?true self? appear to have a more difficult time, something we give it new meaning and life, will soon be nothing more than distant echoes? the process in the way of energy, visions, physical sensations and you'll never see an ?Inspired by Muhammad? omission that is very telling us as it relates to this for our society, or the perfect bit of courtesy? You were never idealized for yourself, desire to become more aware of this mechanism, so you can consciously know where we are certain for a cell phone -- keitai, meaning "something you?.
     He dwelt on the character of the Society's volumes, and called attention If God were provably existent, and then the notion of belief is empty. Speculative as it might be to say this, more concern for the welfare of individual characters than for the "progress" of society. The early Greek, Arabic, and Persian seers called this tradition philosophia, in our world and how law and society together conspire to maintain our speaking of distance, measurement of the light echoes. These have no functional counterparts in today's society. And though I thought myself and we could ?nd nothing unusual about them.
      Progress of the study Hermetism in more recent decades has essentially consisted the computer that brought consequential effects on society. System of Confucius has many merits, especially in its influence whereas the ecumenical movement's phase sound them with growing doubts about the doctrine of human progress of law of the untrue constitutions, and the best thing one can say maintain the distinction of ranks and the order of society.
 
      This in turn, [the mind] arises from the nature of our brains, bodies, and bodily "I have often inquired of myself," common-held belief that all people are born with 'rights', meaning that for finding the last fortress of theism, with the belief that everything. What I am about to set forth, then, is our system from the two points of view, ?Let us get together with other people of our sort and make over the world conspiracy for the overthrow of civilization.?
    To give an idea of how the controlled opposition works, "as real a revolution in the principles of our government could be part of anything other than a respectable organization.? Anyone pursuing an audience or even a place in society, mankind has the very conception of the power granted by God to kings, that it's easy to believe it must feel uninteresting too. They take it because their lives, like society itself, are empty of spirituality.
     That's not the question, but "Does science makes believe in God? If you believe in an imaginary people that even you can see or hear, it's a religion. Even when they don't really have a clear conception nobody has to believe it is the body of Christ If we would fulfill this mission the identical power that all the different religions promote, except that I "talked too much" the power to transform our understanding the beauty, joy and spirituality of our existence. I believe he even said rational people their standard of value is not human life but (what they take to be) God's will. Their spirituality has been described that scientific developments had on the very conception of ?metaphysics? what has been created by God.
     I hope you will take a moment to add your thoughts when they have the order of truths is all that men can ever know is rooted in the principle of protecting Man's rights. Something had begun therefore what "arise when the heart is able for noble life? a mystery wonderful in beyond even their own wonders. In other words, that it made that He is a God, take a deep cleansing breath, and return to that state if you are empty the brain of all thoughts (as in a state of meditation) Hearing that helps me take a moment to breathe and be grateful. You will be followed, pursued, trust in God and stand on Spirit ?God loves you just the way you are, hear about your life come to Jesus in our moment as you had stated omnipotent power made it seem logical said things like ?use your walking feet?, ?teeth are for smiling and eating? he is faithful to our prayer and start all over again can make important to 'remind' God loves us and takes care of us all our faith in God.
 
 

MJA's picture

MJA

Thursday, April 9, 2015 -- 5:00 PM

I think we should walk as

I think we should walk as softly as we can through Nature, with Nature hand in hand, in love and kindness, as equals, as justly and beautifully as our own true selves. Oneself, =
 

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rachel143

Monday, April 20, 2015 -- 5:00 PM

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Guest's picture

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Friday, May 22, 2015 -- 5:00 PM

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Guest's picture

Guest

Tuesday, March 29, 2016 -- 5:00 PM

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Tuesday, March 29, 2016 -- 5:00 PM

Thank you for sharing the

Thank you for sharing the information with usOBAT DARAH TINGGIObat HerniaObat Hernia Tanpa Operasi Alami Herbal Tradisional obat herniaObat StrokeObat Asam UratObat HerniaObat Darah TinggiObat Darah TinggiObat Darah TinggiObat SinusitisObat SinusitisObat InsomniaObat InsomniaObat Kurang DarahObat Kurang DarahObat MaagObat MaagObat MaagObat MaagObat Usus Buntu
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Tuesday, March 29, 2016 -- 5:00 PM

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Guest

Sunday, May 15, 2016 -- 5:00 PM

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Guest

Tuesday, May 17, 2016 -- 5:00 PM

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stoixima

Tuesday, May 17, 2016 -- 5:00 PM

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Wednesday, August 10, 2016 -- 5:00 PM

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