Being and Nothingness, the for-itself and the in-itself, bad faith, and the existential predicament; these Existentialist concepts were central to the philosophical scene in Europe and America aft
What's the meaning of life?
There have been moments in philosophy that placed a deal of emphasis on questions like this. We can think of French existentialists like Sartre and Camus that seem to be very sensitive to concerns about the futility of existence.
Currently, academic philosophers in the English speaking world are not prone to take this question seriously on its own terms. At least this is what Professor of Philosophy Kieran Setiya argues in this Aeon article.
Many philosophers nowadays think of the question as confused or misguided. Or they try to explain what individuals can do to make their lives meaningful. But that does not, for Setiya, offer the same existential solace as explaining what makes life itself valuable.
Why has this question been overlooked by contemporary Western philosophers, and how can we make any headway on this behemoth endeavor of finding an answer?
Check out Professor Setiya's article: https://aeon.co/ideas/philosophers-should-be-keener-to-talk-about-the-meaning-of-life
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Albert Camus is most famous for his existential works of fiction including The Stranger as well as his philosophical essay The Myth of Sisyphus.
The ancients believed in an enchanted universe – a universe suffused with meaning and purpose.
Does life have a meaning? If we were created by a powerful God, would that give our lives meaning? Who gave God's existence meaning?
All there is in the world is physical stuff. That is the fundamental assumption of the materialist standpoint, and the picture given to us by science.
Simone de Beauvoir is often cast as only a novelist or a mere echo of Jean-Paul Sartre.