What do nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons all have in common? It can’t just be that they’re all horrible. Is it because they're more destructive or efficient than any others that we call them Weapons of Mass Destruction?
The great English philosopher Thomas Hobbes famously said that in the state of nature, life is solitary, brutish and short -- as if nature designed people to act alone, rather than together. But acting together is one of the most natural things in the world. If we never acted together, there would be no families, no teams, no countries. But what exactly is it to act together?
Simone de Beauvoir was probably best known as a novelist, and a feminist thinker and writer, but she was also an existentialist philosopher in her own right and, like her lover Sartre, thought a lot about the human struggle to be free.
Science used to be seen as a thing for boys only. Back in the 1980s, when students were asked to draw what a scientist looks like, 48% drew a scientist with facial hair; 25% gave their scientist a pencil protector. Only 8% drew a woman.
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